Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology
Year: 2017  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 1 - 10

Mycotoxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Egyptian Barley under Climate Changes

A. Noah Badr, Sh. M. Abdel-Fatah, Y.H. Abu Sree and H.A. Amra    

Abstract: Background: Barley was planted in more than hundred countries worldwide in 2013. The world output in 1974 was around 148 million tons, ever after, there has been a trivial come down in the produced amount of barley worldwide. Mycotoxins are one of the most important groups of anti-nutritional substances found in feed. Materials and Methods: Thirty barley feeding samples and 12 of Human Consuming (HC) samples were collected from 6 regions, each region was represented by a withdrawal of five representative samples directly after harvesting from the major storage locations within governorates under study. Results: Total Fungal Count (TFC) ratios varied from 31-83% on 2014 to 54-92% on 2015 in feed sample. Aspergillus sp. was the dominant fungus in 2 years of study for feed and HC. In 2014, total aflatoxins ranged from 11.6-26.4 and 11.3-23.2 μg kg–1 for feed and HC samples, respectively. The AFB1 in feed samples was between 9.5-17.9 and 7.9-18.7 μg kg–1 on 2014 and 2015, respectively. For ochratoxin A, levels ranged from 0.17-0.55 and 0.3-2.1 μg kg–1 for feed samples on 2014 and 2015, respectively. Zearalenone maximum levels were 3.4 and 1.6 μg kg–1 for 2014 and 2015, respectively. Conclusion: Climate changes were a great factor that had impacts on mycotoxigenic fungal growth, fungal count, toxin type and its amount, that impact had reflected results appeared in food safety and food security.

Cited References   |    Fulltext    |   Related Articles   |   Back
 
 
   
 
 
 
  Related Articles

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility