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Research Journal of Environmental Sciences
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 124 - 133

Access and Management of Drinking Water in Developing Cities: Evidence From Yaoundé (Cameroon)

H.B. Nguendo Yongsi    

Abstract: With an urban population of more than 40% growing at the rate of about 7% per annum in the main cities, the urbanization process in Cameroon is rather uncontrolled and fast-paced. This has led to a major challenge of meeting the potable water needs of city dwellers. Undeniably, the provision of potable or drinking water is increasingly considered as a basic social service and even as a stimulus for economic growth in low-income countries. For many households, having a tap located in the residential courtyard is the best option for accessing potable water. The objective of this study was to analyze the methods of water supply and the ways in which this water is managed in many households in Yaounde. Within the framework of the research programme known as Health, Vulnerable Populations and Environment (PERSAN), we carried out a direct survey of 3.034 households in 20 suburbs in Yaoundé. The survey revealed that in Yaounde, only 20% of households have direct access to pipe-borne water network. The majority of households resort to other sources such as public taps, springs and wells.

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