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Research Journal of Environmental Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 127 - 133

Importance of Malacological Factors in the Transmission of Schistosoma haematobium in Two Dams in the Province of Oubritenga (Burkina Faso)

D. Zongo, B.G. Kabre, D. Dianou, B. Savadogo and J.N. Poda    

Abstract: A study on malacologiques factors in the transmission of Schistosoma haematobium took place in December 2007 at the villages of Daguilma and Tanguiga in Burkina Faso in order to combat schistosomiasis is diversified both in humans than in the intermediate host. A malacological investigation was followed by a parasitological study in order to give a progress report on the dynamics of urinary schistosomiasis and also, that of the mollusc intermediary host in the study area. Malacological Investigations at the dams of the two villages indicated Bulinus truncatus mollusk as host responsible for the transmission of urinary schistosomiasis. The natural infestation tests underscored made that only Bulinus truncatus was responsible for the transmission of urinary schistosomiasis. The parasitological results obtained showed an overall prevalence rate of Schistosoma haematobium from 11.2 to 15.6% and Daguilma to Tanguiga. The study by sex showed that Daguilma, the difference in prevalence was not significant (p = 0.2311) among men (16.6) and females (06.4%). In contrast to Tanguiga, this difference in prevalence between men (23.4) and women (03.3%) showed a slight significance (p = 0.0407). The results concerning parasite Schistosoma haematobium and malacological and in the villages of Daguilma and Tanguiga has helped to highlight the expansion of urinary schistosomiasis; the importance of the behaviour of the local population and the presence of Bulinus truncatus in the dam of Daguilma village.

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