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Research Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 1446 - 1451

The Evaluation of the Immune Response and the Effects of the Mixture of (Nt + Ct) Proteins of the Circumsporozoite (CSP) of Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium falciparum

Marianne Patricia Ntsama epse Foh Mengo, Giampietro Corradin and Silayuv Bongfen    

Abstract: Malaria infection is initiated when an infected Anopheline mosquito injects sporozoites during a blood meal. The Circumsporozoite (CSP) protein is the major surface protein of plasmodium sporozoites and forms a dense coat on the parasite’s surface. Although, the C-terminal (Ct) portion or side of the CSP protein has been extensively studied as a malaria candidate vaccine, little is known about the N-terminal (Nt) portion and the mixture of the 2 portions (Nt + Ct) of this protein on the immune response. Our data suggest that the mixture (Nt + Ct) peptides responded well and much more better inhibition of invasion of hepatocytes was given by the use of that mixture than when Ct or Nt was used separately. The 2 peptides seem to play an important inhibitory role against the invasion of hepatocytes by sporozoites.

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