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Research Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 538 - 542

Evaluation of the Measurements of Blood Pressure of a Primary School Students

Meral Bayat, Emine Erdem, Ozlem Barik, Zubeyde Korkmaz and Zeliha Kaya    

Abstract: The prevalence of hypertension is 1-3% in childhood population and it may cause high morbidity and mortality due to the complications. Therefore, the early diagnosis of hypertension is important. This study was performed to determine the frequency of the hypertension by interpreting of the blood pressure measurements of a primary school student. This project was conducted on 610 students, aged from 6-17 years who are studying in a primary school located in a district that has a low socio-economical status in the city center of Kayseri, Turkey between May-June 2004. The blood pressure measurements were interpreted according to the National High Blood Pressure Education Programme Working. 46.3% of the students were between 6-9 years old and 50.7% of them were girl. The overall rate of the hypertension was 2.44%. There was a positive correlation between age, height, weight, Body Mass Index (BMI, kg m 2), the motherís age and blood pressure. In boys, a negative relationship was found between the educational level of the parents and blood pressure while a positive correlation existed between income level and blood pressure (p< 0.05). A positive correlation was determined between the blood pressure and age, height, weight and BMI of students in both gender. A negative correlation was found between blood pressure and educational level of parents and a positive correlation was found between income level of family and blood pressure of boys. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 2.44%.

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