Performance Analysis and Comparison of Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Routing Protocols
Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANET) are self-organizing and self-configuring multihop wireless networks where the structure of the network changes dynamically. This is mainly due to the mobility of nodes. The nodes in the network not only acts as hosts but also as routers that route data to or from other nodes in network. In mobile ad-hoc networks a routing procedure is always needed to find a path so as to forward the packets appropriately between the source and the destination. The main aim of any ad-hoc network routing protocol is to meet the challenges of the dynamically changing topology and establish a correct and an efficient communication path between any two nodes with minimum routing overhead and bandwidth consumption. The design problem of such a routing protocol is not simple since an ad-hoc environment introduces new challenges that are not present in fixed networks. A number of routing protocols have been proposed for this purpose like Ad-Hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), Destination Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV). In this study, we study and compare the performance of the following three routing protocols AODV, DSR and DSDV.