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Plant Pathology Journal
Year: 2018  |  Volume: 17  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 51 - 58

Effect of Soil Properties and Chemotherapeutants on Pokkah Boeng Disease of Sugarcane

Vipul Kumar, Vinit Pratap Singh, Brajesh Kumar, Seweta Srivastava and Bipen Kumar    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is a commercially important cash crop of India utilized for the production of sucrose, ethanol, biofuel and fiber-related commodities. Amongst the foliar diseases, the pokkah boeng disease is becoming the major disease of sugarcane. In view of importance of this disease in sugarcane cultivation in India, a plan has been outlined for its study on different parameters of soil properties and their management by using some chemotherapeutants. Materials and Methods: Study on the different inoculation techniques on suitable host variety of sugarcane was done by inoculating with Fusarium moniliforme under suitable temperature (25-30°C), humidity (80-85%) and rainfall (300-400 mm.) under natural conditions. Sugarcane is grown on varieties of soil from sandy loam to heavy clay but is grown best on well drained sandy loam soil. Results: Data revealed that sandy clay loam soil and ph 6.5-7.5 exhibited highest incidence of disease among all type of soils. It was also observed that the percentage pokkah boeng incidence increased with the increase in moisture content of soil. In the soil temperature study, results revealed that 24-29°C temperature was favourable for disease development but maximum disease incidence was recorded at 27.5°C. Copper oxychloride was found more effective against pathogen out of all the chemical fungicides used during the experiment. Conclusion: Sandy clay loam exhibited highest incidence of disease and copper oxychloride was found more effective fungicide against Fusarium moniliforme.

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