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Plant Pathology Journal
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 110 - 114

Studies on Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Fungal Population of Decomposing Temple Wastes in Varanasi Region

S. Singh, B. Bikram, J. Mishra, P. Trivedi, Rai Ajay Kumar, S. M. Yadav and Asha Sinha    

Abstract: To encounter the acute shortage of properly decomposed organic manure the present study was conducted for investigating the pattern of decomposition of the temple waste. Isolation of the fungi from decomposing temple waste and soil mixed with manure was done by direct observation method, damp chamber incubation method and dilution plate technique. Total 28 fungus were isolated and highest fungal population was recorded by dilution plate technique followed by damp chamber and then direct observation method and according to their occurrence they were divided into three categories (1) Dominant fungi which show 70% frequency, (2) Common fungi which shows less than 70% frequency and (3) Rare fungi were observed once or twice during isolation. The moisture content of the decomposing temple waste recorded maximum 29.65% at 15 days of intervals. Deuteromycotina fungi were recorded highest 64.28% in comparison to Zygomycotina (7.14%) and Ascomycotina (3.5%). In early stages of infection Mucor racemosus, Rhizopus nigricans Alternaria alternata, Fusarium spp. were found abundantly but in later stages of decomposition prevalence of Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigates, Aspergillus candidus, Penicillium rubrum, Penicillium citrinum was recorded. During the process of decomposition the moisture content of the temple waste gradually decreases whereas changes in pH follow an erratic pattern due to the activity of above mentioned mycoflora throughout the process of biodegradation.

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