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Plant Pathology Journal
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 22 - 26

Alkaline Seed-Bed: An Innovative Technique for Manifesting Verticillium dahliae on Fennel Seeds

Khalid M. Ghoneem, Wesam I.A. Saber and Mohamed A. Elwakil    

Abstract: Verticillium dahliae attacks a wide range of plants including fennel causing a wilt disease. The fungus grows slowly on seeds when tested at the seed health laboratories. This habit character allows saprophytes to impair the fungal growth and interfere the identification on both Moist Blotters (MB) and the Deep-Freezing Blotters (DFB). Since, these two techniques are not efficient enough to detect this fungus, the researchers planned to search for an alternative technique for detecting this fungus. Soaking three layers of blotters used as seed-beds in water solutions alkalined with KOH or NaOH at pH 10 presents the optimum seed-bed condition for manifesting the fungus on seed. This seed-bed condition also suppress the growth of saprophytes, so as the fungus was transparently shown on seeds. The in vitro study presents pH 9.5 as the optimum condition for the growth, sporulation and maximum glucose coefficient of the fungus. So far, it is recommended to use the alkalined seed-bed when searching for V. dahliae on fennel seed.

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