Effect of Fish Consumption as a Local Food Alternative for the Reduction of Stunting in Toddlers
Rr Dewi Ngaisyah
Background and Objective: The insufficient consumption of food containing protein is one of the factors contributing to stunting in children. The stunting prevalence in Saptosari, Gunung Kidul District, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia, is high at 48.2%. This study aimed to analyze the impact of fish consumption as a local food alternative for the reduction of stunting in toddlers. Materials and Method: This observational study used the prospective cohort approach. The study was conducted in the Ngrenehan shoreline, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The data were collected from March to June 2017. The study included 50 participants from a total of 96 people. The samples were determined using simple random sampling technique. The data on stunting reduction were collected by comparing the height/age z-score between the height at toddler age and the normal height of school-age children. Data regarding fish consumption were collected through interviews using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Results: There was a relationship between fish consumption and stunting reduction. The chi-square analysis resulted in a p-value of 0.011 and an odds ratio (OR) value of 6.11 (1.66-22.49). Toddlers with low fish consumption were stunted at a rate of six times higher than those with adequate fish consumption. Conclusion: Due to the positive relationship between fish consumption and stunting reduction, it is highly recommended for children and societies to consume fish, which can be considered a local food alternative.
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