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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2017  |  Volume: 16  |  Issue: 10  |  Page No.: 770 - 775

Nutritional Status, Lipid Profile and Blood Pressure among Primary Schoolchildren in Urban West Java, Indonesia

Cica Yulia, Ali Khomsan, Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi    

Abstract: Background and Objective: Nutritional status could affect schoolchildren’s health and cognitive function, which may then influence their learning achievement. Overweight and obesity are common nutritional problems in schoolchildren and can negatively affect their health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the nutritional status, lipid profile and blood pressure of primary schoolchildren in urban areas of West Java, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design. The total sample in this study included 95 fifth grade students at public elementary schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc least significant difference (LSD) tests was conducted to analyze the differences between groups using IBM SPSS Ver 22.0 software. Results: Overall, 28.4% (27 people), 32.6% (31 people) and 38.9% (37 people) of the schoolchildren were in the normal, overweight and obese nutritional status groups, respectively. The average levels of blood parameters were 171.4±33.7 mg dL–1 for total cholesterol, 126.1±66.1 mg dL–1 for triglycerides, 111.1±33.8 mg dL–1 for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and 49.2±9.8 mg dL–1 for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The average systolic blood pressure was 107.3±12.3 mmHg, while the average diastolic blood pressure was 69.8±11.0 mmHg. HDL-C and systolic blood pressure differed significantly in normal nutritional status, overweight and obese children (p<0.05).Conclusion:Triglycerides, HDL-C and blood pressure differed among schoolchildren with normal nutritional status, overweight and obesity.

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