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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 480 - 485

Nutritional Status of Patients with Non-Communicable Diseases after Discharged from Hospital

Susetyowati, Amalina Shabrina, Putri Dayu Santika and I. Dewa P. Pramantara    

Abstract: The prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) is increasing dramatically in the recent years. Malnutrition in discharged patients with NCD was associated with increased risk of hospital readmission and mortality. The aim of this study was to analyze the nutritional status of patients with NCD after discharged from hospital and also to evaluate the relationship between age, readmission, frequency of treatment and the nutritional status. This was a cross-sectional study of 83 subjects with inclusion criteria: patients with NCD with a history of hospital discharged for 6 months, adults >18 years old and be able to participate in the research. The nutritional status of the subject is determined based on body mass index (BMI), percent mid-upper arm circumference (% MUAC), albumin, hemoglobin, hand grip strength (HGS) and total lymphocytes count (TLC). Dietary intake was also measured in this study. The prevalence of malnutrition based on parameters BMI, % MUAC, albumin, hemoglobin, hand grip strength and TLC were 19.2, 43.4, 4.8, 36.1, 30.4, and 39.7, respectively. The average energy and protein intake were 1784 kcal and 59.2 g. There is a significant correlation between age and nutritional status based on BMI, % MUAC and HGS. There was a relationship between frequency of treatment with energy and protein intake. In this study we showed that the prevalence of malnutrition in 6 months discharged patients with NCD was relatively high and this malnutrition was associated with age and frequency of treatment.

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