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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 3  |  Page No.: 264 - 267

An Economic Analysis of Kampung Chicken Production Using the Small Water Plant Azolla microphylla in Their Feed

Agus Setiadi, Siswanto Imam Santoso, Sumarsono, L.D. Mahfudz and A.B. Susanto    

Abstract: We investigated the physical appearance and feed cost of kampung chickens whose feed was supplemented with 20% Azolla in commercial feed. The experiment was carried out with 15-day-old kampung chicks assigned to two treatments. One hundred birds were used in the study, with 50 birds assigned to treatment 1 (T1) and 50 birds assigned to treatment 2 (T2). Birds in T1 received a control diet consisting solely of commercial feed, with the diet containing 210 g/kg of crude protein. Birds in T2 received a diet that included 20% Azolla microphylla (AM) mixed in the ‘commercial diet’; this diet contained 200.4 g/kg of crude protein. The experiments were conducted over a period of 8 weeks. No differences were found in feed consumption and the final weight of the birds, but birds who were fed the T2 diet had a better feed conversion ratio (FCR) (p<0.05) than that of birds who were fed the T1 diet. No mortality of birds occurred during the experiment. Utilization of AM could reduce the costs of feed from IDR 7,000/kg to IDR 5,800/kg, while increasing income per bird from IDR 8,760 to IDR 11,834. In conclusion, utilization of 20% AM in the diet of kampung chickens reduces the feed cost, improves the FCR and increases the income per birds sold.

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