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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 10  |  Page No.: 934 - 942

Chemical Profiling of Different Mango Peel Varieties

Muhammad Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Javed Iqbal Sultan    

Abstract: The present exploration was an attempt to investigate the therapeutic potential of mango peel extract. For the purpose, five different mango peels namely chaunsa, anwar ratol, langra, dusahri and desi were nutritionally characterized. The nutritional analysis indicated that mango peel is a good source of moisture, protein and minerals. The means elucidated highest moisture in the peel of desi mango 71.38±2.05 followed by anwar ratol, chaunsa, langra and dusahri as 71.01±3.91, 70.74±4.01, 69.86±5.20 and 68.33±4.14%, respectively. Moreover, protein contents were reported from 1.94±0.04 to 2.36±0.01 in respective varieties. Similarly, fat and fiber contents in respective varieties were 2.31±0.14 and 5.01±0.25, 2.26±0.10 and 5.47±0.31, 2.25±0.17 and 4.88±0.12, 2.18±0.18 and 4.69±0.17 and 2.11±0.12 and 4.53±0.18%. Likewise, the recorded NFE values for respective samples were 87.87±6.87, 87.60±3.41, 88.86±5.20, 89.09±3.85 and 89.58±2.89, respectively. In the present case, the highest K content was observed in chaunsa (18.78±1.26 mg/100g) followed by desi (18.76±0.96 mg/100g), anwar ratol (17.73±1.21 mg/100g), dusahri (17.16±1.02 mg/100g) and langra (16.21±1.12 mg/100g). Similarly, Mg and Ca were recorded as 56.11±4.21 and 87.46±6.32, 54.73±3.69 and 82.72±4.18, 52.54±1.16 and 79.81±3.85, 50.25±1.52 and 75.08±4.10 and 56.83±2.32 and 78.39±5.02 mg/100g in respective mango peels. Amongst tested mango peels, ethanolic extract of chaunsa exhibited the highest TPC (75.35±3.96 mg/100g GAE), DPPH (59.28±3.69%) and β-carotene (57.33±4.14%) activities however, FRAP value (7.88±0.19 mmol/100g) was maximum in the acetone extract of chaunsa peel. From the present investigation, it is concluded that mango peel powder potential is potential source of minerals and antioxidants.

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