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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 9  |  Page No.: 812 - 816

Improving Nutritional Value of Butter Milk by Blending with Dry Leaves of Moringa oleifera

Muhammad Nadeem, Arshad Javid, Muhammad Abdullah, Atta Muhammad Arif and Tariq Mahmood    

Abstract: The main objective of this study was to improve the nutritional value of butter milk by blending with dry leaves of Moringa oleifera that can be used to prevent and correct malnutrition in women and children of this poor nation. Dry leaves of Moringa oleifera was incorporated into butter milk at three different concentrations i.e. 1% addition (T1), 2% addition (T2) and 3% addition (T3). All these treatments were compared with a control T0 without any addition of dry leaves of Moringa oleifera (100% butter milk). Addition of dry leaves of Moringa oleifera at all levels did not have any negative effect on pH and acidity of the fortified butter milk. Protein and ash content increased from 3.41-4.09% and 0.75-1.13% which was 20 and 50% respectively at T3 level. Iron and calcium content of the fortified butter milk increased from 0.03-6.77 and 117.22-174.34 mg/100 grams in T3. Vitamin C, B1, B2 and B3 increased by 168, 233, 393 and 624% respectively as compared to control. Addition of dry leaves of Moringa oleifera at T2 level did not have any significant effect on color, taste and overall acceptability scores. The overall acceptability score of T3 was 6.7 out of 9 which was more than 74%. It was concluded that dry leaves of Moringa oleifera can be used at T3 level (3% addition) to formulate fortified butter milk with increased health benefits and acceptable sensory attributes.

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