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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2011  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 1121 - 1125

Supplementation of Cassava and Durian Hull Fermented Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on Rumen Fermentation and Average Daily Gain in Crossbred Native Cattle

Kitsada Polsit, Sarunyu Chuelong, Teerawat Siriuthane, Sommas Ittarat, Uthai Koatedoke, Anusorn Cherdthong and Sittisak Khampa    

Abstract: Ten, two-years old of crossbred native cattle weighing about at 250±20 kg were randomly divided into two groups according to receive two groups of supplemental dietary treatments by receiving YFCP1 + YFCP2 (T1) and YFCRR + YFDH (T2). The cows were offered the treatment diets at 2%BW and rice straw was fed ad libitum. Means were compared using pair t-test. All animals were kept in individual pens and received free access to water. The results have revealed that supplementation of dietary treatment on feed intake was non-significantly different, while average daily gain (ADG) and rumen microorganisms especially bacteria and fungi zoospores were significant different and cattle in heifer fed YFCRR + YFDH (T2) treatments and received YFCP1 + YFCP2 (T1) (646.4 and 533.2 g/d). In addition, the ruminal pH, ammonia-nitrogen and blood urea nitrogen concentration were non-significantly different. Supplementation of T2 could improve population of bacteria and fungal zoospore higher than those fed T1, but decreased populations of Holotrich and Entodiniomorph protozoa in rumen. The results indicate that supplementation of yeast fermented cassava and durian hull as supplement diets with rice straw as roughage source could improve ruminal fermentation efficiency, average daily gain in crossbred native cattle.

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