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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 6  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 419 - 423

Fatty Acid and Amino Acid Composition of Protein Concentrate from Cashew Nut (Anarcadium occidentale) Grown in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

M.O. Aremu, I. Ogunlade and A. Olonisakin    

Abstract: Fatty acids; proximate and amino acid composition of Anarcadium occidentale protein concentrate were investigated. The three most abundant fatty acids were C18:1ω 9 > C16:0 > C18:3 ω 3. Unsaturated fatty aids predominated in the sample with adequate amounts of essential fatty acids. Proximate analysis of protein concentrate revealed high percentage crude protein of 69.6g/100g protein. Ash and crude fibre were low while ether extract was not detected. The protein concentrate had a balanced content of some of the essential amino acids, with respect to the FAO/WHO provisional pattern however supplementation may be required in valine and threonine. The calculated isoelectric point (pI) was 4.25 while the first limiting amino acid was valine.

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