Inhibition of Human Cervical Cancer Hela Cell Line by Meat-Derived Lactic Acid Bacteria of Lactobacillus plantarum IIA-1A5 and Lactobacillus acidophilus IIA-2B4
Weny Dwi Ningtiyas,
Irma Isnafia Arief,
Ahmad Rusdan Handoyo Utomo
Background and Objective: Two Indonesian lactic acid bacteria of L. plantarum I IA-1A5 and L. acidophilus IIA-2B4 were previously isolated from beef with some functional probiotic properties. Nevertheless, the possibility of these strains to have anticancer activity remains unknown. Current study aimed to evaluate the inhibitory properties of intra-and extracellular protein extracts of these two strains against cervical cancer HeLa cells. Materials and Methods: The intracellular and extracellular proteins extract from L. plantarum IIA-1A5 and L. acidophilus IIA-2B4 were collected and designated as IP-LP, IP-LA, EP-LP and EP-LA, respectively. The effect of these extracts on the viability and morphology of HeLa cells were observed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and confocal microscopy, respectively. Results: Both IP-LP and IP-LA inhibited HeLa cells in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 352.62 and 120.97 μg mL1, respectively. Meanwhile, the inhibition activity was also observed for EP-LP and EP-LA, albeit very low. The inhibition effect was also confirmed by morphological analysis under confocal electron microscopy which showed the changes in the cell shapes and numbers. Conclusion: Altogether, for the first time this study proposed that the probiotic isolated from Indonesian beef are promising to inhibit cancer cell lines.
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