Optimization of Graphene Oxide-based Quencher-free Molecular Beacon for Meat Product Authentication
Riris Istighfari Jenie
Background and Objective: Sensitivity is very important in DNA detection. Various attempts have been made to increase detection sensitivity, including increasing the detection capabilities of devices and using DNA probes. This study was aimed to develop a DNA detection method using a quencher-free molecular beacon (QFMB) probe with the help of graphene oxide (GO) as a quencher. Materials and Methods: The GO has the specific ability to adsorb DNA in the form of a single strand but not in a double strand. The optimum interaction between the MB probe and the target DNA (pig DNA) could produce a double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) so that it is detached from the GO surface. The dsDNA that escapes from the surface of the GO can be detected using a spectrofluorometric technique at an excitation wavelength of 482 nm and an emission of 519 nm, with an intensity comparable to its concentration. Results: The optimum condition that can be used is a GO concentration of 5 μg mL1, a reaction temperature of 65°C, an incubation time of 6 min, a reaction pH of 7.5 and cation levels of 40 nM. Analysis of the target pork meatball DNA carried out at a concentration interval of 0-500 pg mL1. Conclusion: So it was concluded that the DNA detection system uses a combination of a quencher-free molecular beacon and graphene oxide, providing a good prospect to be developed into a new method in the halal authentication of meat products using the spectrofluorometric method.
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