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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2015  |  Volume: 18  |  Issue: 7  |  Page No.: 314 - 323

Antihyperglycemic and Antihyperlipidemic Effects of Ferula assa-foetida and Ferula tenuissima Extracts in Diabetic Rats

Hasan S. Yusufoglu, Gamal A. Soliman, Rehab F. Abdel- Rahman, Maged Saad Abdel-Kader, Majid A. Ganaie, Erdal Bedir, Sura Baykan Erel and Bintug Ozturk    

Abstract: The present study was carried to explore the potential antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activity of Ferula assa-foetida L. and Ferula tenuissima Hub-Mor & Pesmen extracts in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. Furthermore, phytochemical screening, in vitro antioxidant activity and acute toxicity study of both plants were performed. Both extracts showed considerable antioxidant potential in vitro. In diabetic rats, F. assa-foetida (200 and 400 mg kg–1) and F. tenuissima (400 mg kg–1) showed significant elevation in plasma insulin level, total hemoglobin (Hb) and decrease in Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. Significant elevations in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) and level of reduced glutathione (GSH) in liver and pancreas homogenates were observed in diabetic animals following F. assa-foetida (200 and 400 mg kg–1) and F. tenuissima (400 mg kg–1) treatments. The antihyperlipidemic effect of F. assa-foetida extract was demonstrated by a significant reduction in plasma triglycerides (TG), Total Cholesterol (TC), Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) and the increase of High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C). Plasma activities of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and levels of Total Protein (TP) and bilirubin (BIL) in diabetic rats were recovered significantly after F. assa-foetida and F. tenuissima treatment in comparison with diabetic controls. The present data suggest that F. assa-foetida have both antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects with enhancement of insulin-secreting activity.

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