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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2013  |  Volume: 16  |  Issue: 22  |  Page No.: 1479 - 1487

Feeding and Reproductive Biology of Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848) from Parangipettai Coast, Southeast Coast of India

K. Kadharsha, P. Mohanchander, P.S. Lyla and S.A. Khan    

Abstract: The feeding biology, spawning season, size at first maturity, sex ratio and fecundity of the commercially important lizardfish (Saurida undosquamis) were studied in Parangipettai waters of the southeast coast of India. Fishes formed the predominant food item. Diversity of the prey items showed maximum value (H’log 2-3.61±0.11) during the postmonsoon season and minimum during the monsoon season (2.89±0.17). The richness (1-lambda’) also showed a similar trend and varied from 0.81±0.13 (monsoon) to 0.91±0.01 (postmonsoon). The size at first maturity (50% incidence of mature fish) was 195 mm. But when the size at first maturity was calculated by adjusting the proportion of maturity percentages, the maturity size was found to be 140 mm. This method is advantageous from the point of view of fisheries management as this species can be exploited above 140 mm rather than above 195 mm. The gastrosomatic index was found maximum during postmonsoon and minimum during the monsoon season showing the inverse relationship between feeding and spawning. This species was found to spawn from August to January with a peak in November. The fecundity ranged from 19, 856 in a fish measuring from 20.1 cm in length (97 g) to 79,282 in a fish of 29 cm (290 g). The overall sex ratio (1:1.19) was found to deviate significantly from the expected 1:1 ratio. (χ2 = 19.1, p<0.005). Month- wise, it conformed to the expected 1:1 ratio during most of the months except January, June, September, November and December. Higher gonado-somatic index values observed during October-December suggested spawning activity during this period. This species is found to a total spawner in the Parangipettai waters.

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