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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 12  |  Page No.: 919 - 923

In vitro Antiplasmodial and Antibacterial Activities of Canthium multiflorum Schum and Thonn (Rubiacea) Extracts

E.F.O. Akomo, C. Zongo, S.D. Karou, L.C. Obame, A. Savadogo, C. Atteke and A.S. Traore    

Abstract: Because of the resistance of pathogens to actually available drugs, there is a continuous need for new agents to cure several diseases such as malaria and microbial infections. In the establishment of new drugs, plant are often a source of new leads, indeed aqueous, acetone and methanol extracts of Canthium multiflorum were tested for antiplasmodial and antibacterial activities. The antiplasmodial activity was performed on fresh clinical strains of Plasmodium falciparum using light microscopy. The results revealed that the methanol extract was the most active with IC50 of 4.69 μg mL-1. The NCCLS microdilution method performed on clinical and reference strains of pathogenic bacteria yielded MIC and MBC values ranging from 312 to 1250 and 625 to 2500 μg mL-1, respectively. The qualitative analysis of the extract revealed the presence of several chemical groups such as alkaloids, terpens and tannins that might be responsible for the activity of the plant. The issue of this study showed that C. multiflorum is a plant that many attention should be paid to because of it pharmacological potentials.

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