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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 12  |  Issue: 19  |  Page No.: 1287 - 1298

Medicinal Plants used in Traditional Medicine in the Centre East Region of Burkina Faso

J.M.K. Ky, P. Zerbo, C. Gnoula, J. Simpore, J.B. Nikiema and J. Millogo-Rasolodimby    

Abstract: The present research focused on the inventory and the use of plants in traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases in this area. The method was based on ethnobotanical surveys with semi-directing interview, conducted from November 2006 to December 2007 among a sample of 50 people aged between 40 and 80 years and very experienced in traditional medicine in the municipalities of Bissiga, Lalgaye and Tenkodogo. We identify 73 phytogenetic species and 175 therapeutic indications used to treat 52 diseases and the principal ones are the gastrointestinal diseases, the malaria, the various fevers, the jaundice, the skin diseases, the respiratory affections, the reproduction diseases, the hemorrhoids and the infantile diseases. In traditional veterinary pharmacopoeia, 18 phytogenetic species are used with 33 therapeutic indications to treat diseases including trypanosomiasis, tuberculosis, diarrheas and wounds. The interest of people of this area for medicinal plants, command a special attention to organize the actors and preserve the plant genetic resources.

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