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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 930 - 933

Immunogenicity of Neonatal BCG Vaccination in Children Entering Primary School

K. Sakha and A.G. Behbahan    

Abstract: This study has been designed to evaluate the immunogenicity of neonatal BCG-vaccination in children at the age of 7 to 8 years, by skin test using Purified Protein Derivative (PPD), as BCG vaccination at birth is a part of routine program of immunization in our country, Iran; we decided to study its efficacy and also tried to determine if there is any correlation between PPD-test results and BCG scar size. This is a comparative study on 150 children (94 males and 56 females) at the age of 7 to 8 years, who possess neonatal-BCG scar. They were chosen from several primary schools in Tabriz-Iran, by simple random sampling and tested with 0.1 mL of 5-unit-PPD solution (a product of Iran Institute of Razi); then observations recorded. The average diameter of BCG scars were 7.03 mm in girls, 5.45 mm in boys and 6.05 for all. The diameter of induration area resulted from PPD-test after 72 h was less than 5 mm in 95.33% and 5-9 mm in 4.66% of studied children; there was no case with induration area of 10 mm or more at all. Every child who developed an induration area of 5 mm or more by PPD test, had a BCG scar with the diameter of 5 mm or more. There was a statistically meaningful direct correlation between sizes of neonatal-BCG scar and diameter of induration area after PPD-test (r = 0.21 and p = 0.008). This study shows that reactivity to PPD test (and probably immunity against tuberculosis) decreases as age increases; therefore it seems to be necessary to repeat BCG-vaccination in children at the age of entering primary school.

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