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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 11  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 226 - 231

Effects of Steckling Weight and Planting Density on Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Monogerm Seed Yield and Qualitative Traits

Saeed Sadeghzadeh Hemayati, Daryoush Fatollah Taleghani and Shima Shahmoradi    

Abstract:

In order to determine the effects of steckling weight and planting density on sugar beet monogerm (Cv. 9597) seed quantitative and qualitative characteristics, this experiment was carried out in Ardabil Agricultural Research Station-Iran (38 °30'N and 48 °30'E) during 2 years (2002-2003). In the study, steckling weight (main-plot) in three levels including 100, 100-200 and 200-300 g and planting density (sub-plot) in three levels including 40, 50 and 60 cm were used in a split-plot experiment based on the RCBD (Randomized Complete Blocks Design) with 5 replications. The measured characteristics were morphological and qualitative (velocity and uniformity of germination) characters, seed size distribution and monogerm seed percentage. According to the results of the experiment, the effect of planting density on the auxiliary branches No. and seed yield was significant at the probability levels of 1 and 5%, respectively. Seed yield increased by 43% as planting density was increased from 65x40 to 65x60 cm. The increase in steckling weight led to the increase in standard seed portion (with 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter), germinable standard seed yield (11%) and decrease in germination velocity and germination uniformity; and increase in planting density was accompanied by increase in >4.5 mm seed percentage, velocity and uniformity of germination and decrease in germinable standard seed yield. Eventually, the highest seed yield (1208 kg ha-1) was obtained by using steckling weight of 200-300 g and planting density of 65x60 cm.

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