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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 10  |  Page No.: 1718 - 1722

Study of Natural Organic Matter Fractions in Water Sources of Tehran

M.A. Zazouli, S. Nasseri, A.H. Mahvi, A.R. Mesdaghinia and M. Gholami    

Abstract: Natural Organic Matters (NOMs) are abundant in natural water resources and in many ways may affect the unit operations in water treatment. Although, NOMs are considered harmless but they have been recognized disinfection by-products precursors (DBPs) during the chlorination process. Formation of DBPs highly depends on the composition and concentration of NOM, which can be broadly divided into two fractions of hydrophobic (humic) and hydrophilic (non-humic) substances. The objective of this study was to determine Natural organic matter and its fractions concentration in the surface water sources of Tehran. Water sampling was conducted monthly between May to July 2006 in three rivers Lar, Jajrood and Karaj as the main drinking water supplying sources in Tehran. Quantitative parameters of pH, EC, UV254 and DOC were studied based on to standard methods. The XAD-7 resin method was used for fractionation of NOM. Results showed that NOM concentrations in Lar, Jajrood and Karaj rivers were 8.53, 12.9 and 11.3 mg L-1, respectively. The HPO (hydrophobic) fraction was predominant compared to the HPI (hydrophilic) fraction in the all of water samples. The mean of total percent of HPO and HPI fractions were about 57 and 43%, respectively. Since the hydrophobic NOM fraction exhibits higher trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) than hydrophilic NOM, Tehran water chlorination exhibits higher THMFP than haloacetic acid formation potential (HAAFP). The information obtained from this study may be further employed in the design of the control technique and management strategies for the water treatment plant, especially for DBPs reduction.

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