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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 10  |  Issue: 9  |  Page No.: 1430 - 1437

Response of Rice Cultivars to Rates of Nitrogen and Potassium Application in Field and Pot Conditions

M.A. Bahmaniar and G.A. Ranjbar    

Abstract: Nitrogen and potassium are the yield-limiting nutrients in rice production regions of Iran. Use of N and K efficient cultivars is an important complementary strategy in improving rice yield, increasing the quality properties of rice grains and reducing cost of production. In order to consider the effects of different amounts of N and K application on rice (Oryza sativa L.) yield and yield components in pot and field conditions these experiments were undertaken in 2004 at Sari Agricultural Station, Iran. Four levels of N (0, 50, 100 and 150 Kg N ha-1 in field and 0, 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 g N pot-1 in pot) corresponding with four levels of K (0, 75, 150 and 225 kg K2O ha-1 in field and 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 g K2O pot-1 in pot) were applied in a split-factorial plot design with three replications in both pot and field experiments, variously. Grain yield, number of grain per panicle, number of tiller, plant height, length of flag leaf, total and shoot dry matter, 1000 grain weight and harvest index have been increased by N application in field conditions. However, in pot conditions grain yield, number of grain per panicle, number of tiller, plant height, width of flag leaf, total and shoot dry matter, leaf nitrogen contents and harvest index have significantly been increased (p≤0.05). Potassium application in field conditions has significantly affected on all characteristics but 1000 grain weight and leaf N and K contents. Simultaneous application of N and K have increasingly affected on grain yield, plant height, shoot dry matter and harvest index in field conditions and on plant height, length of flag leaf and shoot dry matter in pot conditions (p≤0.05).

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