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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
Year: 2006  |  Volume: 9  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 1175 - 1177

Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil from Solanum pseudocapsicum

A.A. Aliero, D.S. Grierson and A.J. Afolayan    

Abstract: Solanum pseudocapsicum is a poisonous plant; yet it is used for the treatment of boils, gonorrhea, tonic and against abdominal pains. The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of unripe berries of the shrub was analyzed by Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Twenty-one compounds were identified, constituting 69.24% of the total oil components. The major compounds were homologous series of alkanes, alcohol, aldehyde and terpenoids. The oil is predominated by decane (41.06%), undecane (29.26%), monoterpenoids (14.79%), sesquiterpene (3.21%) and a diterpene pytol (5.94%). These compounds are reported for the first time in this species.

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