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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

Year: 2001  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 9  |  Page No.: 1101 - 1107

Traditional Use of Herbs, Shrubs and Trees of Shogran Valley, Mansehra, Pakistan

Abdul Matin, Mir Ajab Khan, Muhammed Ashraf and Rizwana Aleem Qureshi


This paper is based on the results of an ethno-botanical research conducted in Shogran valley (Hazara). Information on local names, traditional medicinal uses and occurrence of the herbs, shrubs and trees has been presented. A total of 77 species of herbs, 12 species of shrubs and 18 species of trees were recorded that are used medicinally and for other purposes. Among herbs Ajuga bracteosa Wall. ex Bth., Convolvulus arvensis L. , Geranium nepalense Sweet, Geranium wallichianum D. Don ex Sweet, Mentha longifolia (Hk.) Huds., Podophyllum hexandrum Royle, Potentilla nepalensis Hk., Tori/is nodosa (L.) Gaertn., Valerian a jatamansi Jones and Viola canescens Wall. ex Roxb. are the most common. Podophyllum hexandrum is vulnerable due to over exploitation. Five species of shrubs and 1 2 species of trees are collected for sale in the local market as well as in other parts of the country. Juglans regia L. is found vulnerable in this area due to utilization of its different parts for different purposes. Melia azedarach L. is found under pressure of being used as fuel wood. Wild fruits such as Ficus carica L., Diospyrus lotus L., Morus alba L., Pyrus communis L., Pyrus pashia Ham. ex D. Don. and Prunus persica (L.) Batsch. require in situ conservation in the area for future germplasm source.

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