Insect Pests found on Helianthus annuus Linnaeus (Compositae) in the Potohar Region of Pakistan
Surveys of Potohar Region (Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Golra, Tarnol, Sehala, Mandra, Kalar Syedan, Attock, Fateh Jang, Bahatar Jang, Qutabal, Jand, Chakwal, Dhudial, Gujar Khan; Sohawa,Kamalpur, Daultala, Dena, Jatli, Kalas, Kahuta, Jhelum, Hazro, Sagri and Tret etc.) were carried out during early, growing and anthesis stages of sunflower plants (both spring and autumn 1999) under UGC/UAAR Sunflower Project. The insect pests found sunflower (cultivated and wild) included Chrotogonus spp. (Grass hopper), Agrotis spp. (Cut worm), Odontotermes obesus (White ants), Agapanthia dahlii (Stem borer), Melanagromyza spp. (Stem girdler), Aphis gossypii (Cotton aphid), Bemisia tabaci (whitefly) Agrius convolvoli (Horn worm), Empoasca spp. (Jassid), Suleima helianthana (Sunflower bud moth), Helicoverpa (Heliothis) spp.( Boll worm ),Spodoptera litura (Tobacco caterpillar), Plusia orichalcea (Cabbage semi-looper), Homoeosoma electellum (Sunflower moth), Nezara viridula (Green stink bug) Diacrisia obliquata (Hairy catterpillar), Myllocerus blandus (Cotton green weevil), Zygogramma exclamationis (Sunflower beetle) and Smicronyx spp. (Sunflower seed weevil).
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