Biology of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) Reared in Laboratory on Natural Diet
Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) completed its larval stage in 17.325±0.326 days passing through six instars under laboratory protocol, 26±1°C, 60-70% RH and 16 hours' daylight. The larvae moulted for 2nd instar, two days after hatching from eggs. Average stadiel periods for 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th instars were 2.07, 2.15, 2.48, 3.12, 3.55 and 3.95 days respectively. The last larval stage did not moult but was contracted and shortened into grub like pre-pupal stage. The average length measured for each instar (first to sixth) was 3.4, 4.6, 9.7, 17, 28.35, 36.85 mm respectively. The average pupal period was 13.2 days for female and 15.4 days for male. Fecundity of moths fed on sucrose solution was significantly higher than water fed females. The unfed females laid few eggs none was viable.
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