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Natural Product Research Part A
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 23  |  Issue: 10  |  Page No.: 953 - 959

Screening for fractions of Oxytropis falcata Bunge with antibacterial activity

H. Jiang, J. R. Hu, W. Q. Zhan and X. Liu    

Abstract: Preliminary studies with the four extracts of Oxytropis falcate Bunge exhibited that the chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts showed stronger antibacterial activities against the nine tested Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The HPLC-scanned and bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation and identification of the main flavonoid compounds, i.e. rhamnocitrin, kaempferol, rhamnetin, 2',4'-dihydroxychalcone and 2',4',β-trihydroxy-dihydrochalcon. Except 2',4',β-trihydroxy-dihydrochalcon, four other compounds had good antibacterial activities. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of the four compounds ranged between 125 and 515 µg mL-1. Staphylococcus aureus was the most susceptible to these compounds, with MIC and MBC values from 125 to 130 µg mL-1. This is the first report of antibacterial activity in O. falcate Bunge. In this study, evidence to evaluate the biological functions of O. falcate Bunge is provided, which promote the rational use of this herb.

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