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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detector
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 605  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 200 - 203

Flow visualization of refrigerant in a self-vibration heat pipe by neutron radiography

K. Sugimoto, Y. Kamata, T. Yoshida, H. Asano, H. Murakawa, N. Takenaka and K. Mochiki    


Heat generation density of electric elements increases close to the limit of forced air-cooling. New cooling technology is required and a self-vibration heat pipe is proposed for the electric elements cooling. The self-vibration heat pipe, which has a meandering capillary channel, can operate for vertical and horizontal heat removal without gravity effects. However, the behaviors of the working fluid in the pipe have not been well studied. The purpose of this study is to clarify the working fluid phenomena in the heat pipe. The working fluid in the pipe was visualized by neutron radiography system at JRR-3 in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The liquid columns in the meandering channel of the heat pipe were recorded by a high-speed camera. The obtained images were segmented and the meandering capillary channel was uncoiled by image processing methods to show the temporal vibration of the liquid columns in the stretched channel. Periods of the column oscillation were about 0.5–1.5 s. The oscillation of the columns was analyzed by a mass-spring model. The periods of the oscillation were obtained and compared with the experiment results. It was shown that the analytical values agreed fairly with the experimental ones.

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