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Year: 2010  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 2  |  Page No.: 155 - 159

Positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) as a new diagnostic tool for acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (AIN) in oliguric or haemodialysed patients

D Katagiri, S Masumoto, A Katsuma, E Minami, T Hoshino, T Inoue, M Shibata, M Tada, M Morooka, K Kubota and F. Hinoshita    


Three patients are reported: two with acute renal failure (ARF) and acute interstitial nephritis (AIN); and one with ARF and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN). In the latter two cases, a percutaneous renal biopsy was performed. In both AIN cases, 2-[18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) showed high and diffuse FDG uptake in the renal parenchyma without excretion. Based on the diagnosis of AIN, probable offending drugs were discontinued. Consequently, ARF and AIN recovered gradually in both cases, though haemodialysis (HD) was performed several times. On the other hand, the patient who presented with ARF and RPGN did not accumulate FDG absolutely. Maintenance HD had to be initiated in this patient. FDG-PET-CT might become an auxiliary examination for the diagnosis and follow-up of AIN in oliguric or HD patients.

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