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Molecular Endocrinology
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 24  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 1024 - 1036

FOXL2 Interacts with Steroidogenic Factor-1 (SF-1) and Represses SF-1-Induced CYP17 Transcription in Granulosa Cells

M Park, E Shin, M Won, J. H Kim, H Go, H. L Kim, J. J Ko, K Lee and J. Bae    

Abstract:

Mutations in FOXL2 are responsible for blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) type I, in which affected women exhibit premature ovarian failure. FOXL2-null mice showed defects in granulosa cell development during folliculogenesis. We screened a rat ovarian yeast two-hybrid cDNA library to identify FOXL2-interacting proteins and found steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1). Here, we show that human FOXL2 and SF-1 proteins interact in human granulosa cells and that FOXL2 negatively regulates the transcriptional activation of a steroidogenic enzyme, CYP17, by SF-1. Furthermore, FOXL2 mutants found in blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome type I patients lost the ability to repress CYP17 induction mediated by SF-1. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and EMSA results further revealed that FOXL2 inhibited the binding of SF-1 to the CYP17 promoter, whereas the FOXL2 mutants failed to block this interaction. Therefore, this study identifies a novel regulatory role for FOXL2 on a key steroidogenic enzyme and provides a possible mechanism by which mutations in FOXL2 disrupt normal ovarian follicle development.

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