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Materials Chemistry and Physics
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 115  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 334 - 338

Electrical conductivity and magnetic properties of Li0.5Fe2.5−xCrxO4 ferrite

Yen-Pei Fu    

Abstract: Cr-substituted lithium ferrite of different composition (Li0.5Fe2.5–xCrxO4) were prepared for x = 0.0–1.0 by conventional ceramic technique. A structure characterization of all the samples was carried out by the X-ray diffraction technique and found that the lattice parameter decreases with increasing of Cr-substituted concentration. Magnetic properties such as permeability and quality factor were measured in the frequency range of 1 kHz to 100 MHz. The permeability and quality factor of Cr-substituted lithium ferrite were strongly affected by Cr-substituted concentration. The permeability decreased gradually from μ (f = 10 MHz) = 34.9 for Li0.5Fe2.5O4 to μ (f = 10 MHz) = 4.0 for Li0.5Fe1.5Cr1.0O4. The electrical conductivity and activation energy were measured by the DC two probes technique. The temperature dependence of DC conductivity shows the semiconductor nature. A change of slope in the Arrhenius plot (log σT vs. 103/T) may be due to the ferri to paramagnetic transition. The conductivity variation shows two different regions with a large variation in the activation energy. The activation energies in the ferromagnetic region are greater than those in the paramagnetic region.

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