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Liquid Crystals

Year: 2008  |  Volume: 35  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 581 - 585

Synthesis and mesomorphic properties of two series of new azine-type liquid crystals

Qiang Wei, Lin Shi, Hui Cao, Liping Wang, Huai Yang and Yangbin Wang

Abstract

Two series of symmetrical azine-type liquid crystals were synthesised and their chemical structures identified by FTIR, 1H NMR and elemental analysis. Their mesomorphic properties were investigated by polarising optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. The characteristic of these liquid crystals is that they have a high clearing point (most were higher than 320°C) and a broad thermal range in the mesophase. The end groups of the liquid crystals had an effect on their mesomorphic properties. The series with alkoxy end groups all exhibited both smectic A (SmA) and a nematic phase, whereas the series with alkyl end groups showed only nematic phase at their lower analogues and showed both SmA and nematic properties at their higher analogues.

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