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Journal of Plant Sciences
Year: 2009  |  Volume: 4  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 15 - 20

Antioxidant Activity of Isolated Phytoconstituents from Casuarina equisetifolia Frost (Casuarinaceae)

A.N. Aher, S.C. Pal, S.K. Yadav, U.K. Patil and S. Bhattacharya    

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to isolate the active constituents responsible for antioxidant activity. Radical scavenging activities of chromatographically isolated compounds from methanolic extracts of wood, bark, fruit and leaf were measured by the 1, 1-Diphenyl-2- Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The structures of isolated compounds were confirmed by spectroscopic techniques comprising of UV, IR, 13C NMR, P-NMR, Mass spectral and Co-TLC studies. The compound ANA 01, ANA 02 and ANA 04 were isolated from bark and confirmed as catechin, ellagic acid and gallic acid, respectively. The leaf extract resulted in separation of compounds ANA 03 (quercetin). The free radical scavenging activity of the different isolated compounds from methanolic extracts of Casuarina equisetifolia increased in a concentration dependent manner. ANA 04 (gallic acid) exhibited very strong antioxidant activity and when compared to ANA 01 (catechin), ANA02 (ellagic acid), ANA 03 (quercetin) and ANA05 (lupeol). This study suggests that the Casuarina equisetifolia could be pharmaceutically exploited for antioxidant properties.

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