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Research Journal of Parasitology
Year: 2012  |  Volume: 7  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 17 - 24

A Comparative Study of the Prevalence of Malaria in Aba and Umuahia Urban Areas of Abia State, Nigeria

Kalu Mong Kalu, Nwogo Ajuka Obasi, Florence Onyemachi Nduka and Glory Otuchristian    

Abstract: Malaria is an infectious disease which is as old as man and as such demands a thorough put investigation for effective prevention. In this study, a comparative study of the prevalence of malaria in Aba and Umuahia urban settings of Abia state, Nigeria were investigated in order to proffer possible preventive/control measures. A total of 500 individuals (250 in each urban setting) were examined for malaria parasites in blood specimens using standard methods. The results showed that a total number 402 (80.40%) were positive for malaria parasitaemia. In Aba, 216 (86.40%) individuals were positive while in Umuahia, 186 (74.40%) individuals were positive for malaria parasitaemia and the difference in the prevalence between these urban areas were statistically significant. Individuals of age group 21-30 years had the highest rate of infection (92.31%) in Aba while in Umuahia highest infection rate of 90.00% was observed in the age group 11-20 years. Traders were mostly infected in both urban areas with 94.34% in Aba and 93.75% in Umuahia, however, the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Females in both urban areas were more infected than males with (91.20%) in Aba and 80.80% in Umuahia, the difference being statistically significant (p<0.05). Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium malariae occurred in both urban areas with Plasmodium falciparum predominating Aba and Umuahia urban were observed to be endemic for malaria.

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