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Research Journal of Parasitology
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 5  |  Issue: 1  |  Page No.: 13 - 17

Modified Agglutination Test for Serologic Survey of Toxoplasma gndii Infection in Goats and Water Buffaloes in Egypt

R.M. Shaapan, M.A. Hassanain and Fathia A.M. Khalil    

Abstract: Blood was collected from goats and buffaloes slaughtered for food in various areas of the Giza province, Egypt. A Modified Agglutination Test (MAT) with cut-off value 1:25 was used to test sera for evidence of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii. Serum antibody prevalence was higher 44.3% (102 positive of 230 tested) for goats than 22.5% (36 positive of 160 tested) for buffaloes. The antibody prevalence in relation to sex and age for each species was determined. Prevalence was higher (63.3 and 27.9%) in female than (32.1 and 16.2%) in male goats and buffaloes, respectively. On other hand, higher prevalence (58 and 25.5%) was detected in aged goats (>1.5 years) and buffaloes (>4 years) than (32.8 and 14.5%) detected in younger goats (≤1.5 years) and buffaloes (≤4 years), respectively. The present study is the first to report serological evidence of T. gondii infection in Egyptian goats and water buffaloes by MAT and determined the effect of sex and age. Consequently the finding results obtained scope the public health significance of goat and buffalo's meat and milk as source of human infection.

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