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Research Journal of Parasitology
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 130 - 136

Epidemiological Study of the Human Cystic Echinococcosis in Iran

Sh. Ranjbar-Bahadori, S. Lotfollahzadeh, G. Vaezi and A. Eslami    

Abstract: This study examined official data on the incidence of human CE during the period 1999-2005 as case series study and studied routine hospital records in the main surgical hospitals in different provinces in Iran that were collected using a case report form. Human CE in 806 cases from 42 hospitals in 28 provinces of Iran was recorded. The highest CE rate was showed in Semnan Province. Females are more affected (54%). Infection was more in urban people (61%). Cases with age: 30-39 years old were the most infected (18.36%) and the highest rate of the infection to CE was showed in housewife people (47.77%). The majority of cysts were in the liver or lung. The liver (72.4%) was more involved than lung (18.1%), also cysts were found in the spleen (2.5%), abdomen (1.5%), brain (1.5%), both liver and lung (1%) and other organs (3%). 59.06% patients had a single cyst, 18.98% two cyst and in 21.96%, three cysts were found. Of these 806 cases, 58.56% had contact with dog in past. But there is no contact in 41.44%. Study on the probable origins of the infection to human CE was shown that vegetable was the most common (43.67%). For treatment of CE, 72.33% of patients had surgical interference, 12.90% of them received medical treatment and 14.77% of cases had both surgical and medical treatment. Finally, 99% of patients were cured and mortality in 1% of them cases was observed. Although human CE is endemic in Iran, it may control by a public health concern.

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