Electrochemical and thermal properties of graphite electrodes with imidazolium- and piperidinium-based ionic liquids
Irina A. Profatilova,
Sae Weon Roh
Sung Soo Kim
The electrochemical and thermal properties of graphite electrodes with electrolytes containing 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMITFSI) and N-methyl,N-propylpiperidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (MPPpTFSI) ionic liquids are investigated. The ionic liquids undergo extensive reductive decomposition on a graphite electrode during the first charge. The effect of a fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) additive on the reductive decomposition of the ionic liquids is examined by electrochemical, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. Thermal reactions between a lithiated graphite electrode and an ionic liquid-containing electrolyte are investigated with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The introduction of an ionic liquid can effectively reduce the exothermic heat evolution from the thermal reactions between a lithiated graphite electrode and an electrolyte.