Surface study of apoB1694-1880, a sequence that can anchor apoB to lipoproteins and make it nonexchangeable
D. D. O Martin,
R. S McLeod
D. M. Small
Apolipoprotein B (apoB) is a nonexchangeable apolipoprotein. During lipoprotein assembly, it recruits phospholipids and triacylglycerols (TAG) into TAG-rich lipoprotein particles. It remains bound to secreted lipoproteins during lipid metabolism in plasma. The β1 region (residues 827–1880) of apoB has a high amphipathic β strand (AβS) content and is proposed to be one region anchoring apoB to lipoproteins. The AβS-rich region between apoB37 and apoB41 (residues 1694–1880) was cloned, expressed, and purified. The interfacial properties were studied at the triolein/water (TO/W) and air/water (A/W) interfaces. ApoB[37–41] is surface-active and adsorbs to the TO/W interface. After adsorption the unbound apoB[37–41] was removed from the aqueous phase. Adsorbed apoB[37–41] did not desorb and could not be forced off by increasing the surface pressure up to 23 mN/m. ApoB[37–41] adsorbed on the TO/W interface was completely elastic when compressed and expanded by ±13% of its area. On an A/W interface, the apoB[37–41] monolayer became solid when compressed to 4 mN/m pressure indicating extended β-sheet formation. It could be reversibly compressed and expanded between low pressure and its collapse pressure (35 mN/m). Our studies confirm that the AβS structure of apoB[37–41] is a lipid-binding motif that can irreversibly anchor apoB to lipoproteins.