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Journal of Medical Sciences
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 8  |  Issue: 6  |  Page No.: 547 - 552

Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in Iran: A Clinical Study

F. Rahim, A. Ebadi, G. Saki and A. Remazani    

Abstract: This research was performed to study the prevalence of Congenital Heart Diseases (CHDs) in Iranian population. Data on the prevalence of CHDs were collected and analyzed from the major hospitals of Ahwaz, Khuzestan Province, Iran from the year 1998 to 2007. The present investigation in Ahwaz, from 1998 to 2007, revealed a mean prevalence of 12.30 per 1000 live births of the total 3061 inpatients and live births with a yearly prevalence varying from 7.93 to 17.51 per 1000 live births. The most frequent type of CHD was found to be Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) (19.54%) followed by Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) (16.99%), Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) (17.97%), Shunt (11.47%) and Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) (11.07%). The prevalence of CHDs in Ahwaz is increasing from 1998 to 2007 which might be due to the improvement of diagnosis, attention or awareness among the medical authorities on the disease. The prevalence of CHDs in Ahwaz is not very high, however; it is an important disease which needs an immediate medical attention.

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