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Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Year: 2008  |  Volume: 32  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 325 - 335

Dynamic infrared imaging in identification of breast cancer tissue with combined image processing and frequency analysis

R. Joro, A. -L. Lperi, S. Soimakallio, R. Jrvenpaa, T. Kuukasjarvi, T. Toivonen, R. Saaristo and P. Dastidar    

Abstract: Five combinations of image-processing algorithms were applied to dynamic infrared (IR) images of six breast cancer patients preoperatively to establish optimal enhancement of cancer tissue before frequency analysis. mid-wave photovoltaic (PV) IR cameras with 320 x 254 and 640 x 512 pixels were used. The signal-to-noise ratio and the specificity for breast cancer were evaluated with the image-processing combinations from the image series of each patient. Before image processing and frequency analysis the effect of patient movement was minimized with a stabilization program developed and tested in the study by stabilizing image slices using surface markers set as measurement points on the skin of the imaged breast. A mathematical equation for superiority value was developed for comparison of the key ratios of the image-processing combinations. The ability of each combination to locate the mammography finding of breast cancer in each patient was compared. Our results show that data collected with a 640 x 512-pixel mid-wave PV camera applying image-processing methods optimizing signal-to-noise ratio, morphological image processing and linear image restoration before frequency analysis possess the greatest superiority value, showing the cancer area most clearly also in the match centre of the mammography estimation.

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