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Research Journal of Microbiology
Year: 2007  |  Volume: 2  |  Issue: 9  |  Page No.: 678 - 683

Citric Acid Production by Aspergillus niger on the Ethanol Dry Milling Coproduct Thin Stillage

Gang Xie and Thomas P. West    

Abstract: Seven strains of the fungus Aspergillus niger were screened for their ability to produce citric acid on the ethanol dry milling coproduct thin stillage. Citric acid and biomass production by the fungal strains grown on the thin stillage were analyzed using an enzyme assay and a gravimetric method, respectively. Citric acid production by A. niger ATCC 9029, ATCC 9142, ATCC 10577, ATCC 12846, ATCC 26550 and ATCC 201122 was similar after 144 h of growth on thin stillage. These strains also exhibited high citric acid specific productivities and yields. Only the citric acid production, specific productivity and yield by A. niger ATCC 11414 were lower after growth on thin stillage. Biomass production by ATCC 9029 on thin stillage was the highest of the strains studied. For all strains, at least 88% of the reducing sugar concentration in the thin stillage was consumed after 144 h.

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