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Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 40  |  Issue: 10  |  Page No.: 944 - 948

Definitive Radiation Therapy for Moderately Advanced Laryngeal Cancer: Effects of Accelerated Hyperfractionation

M Okubo, Y Nishimura, T Shibata, K Nakamatsu, S Kanamori, I Tachibana, R Koike, T Nishikawa and K. Mori    

Abstract: Objective

The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the results of accelerated hyperfractionation for patients with modeletaly advanced (T2 and T3) laryngeal cancer.

Methods

Between 1998 and 2007, 9 supraglottic carcinomas (6 T2N0M0, 2 T2N2M0, 1 T3N0M0), 30 glottic carcinomas (25 T2N0M0, 5 T3N0M0), and 1 T2N0M0 subglottic carcinoma were treated with definitive radiotherapy using accelerated hyperfractionation without concurrent chemotherapy. The dose-fractionation for 35 patients was 72.8 Gy/56 fractions/5.6 weeks, and that for four patients treated between 1998 and 2001 was 72 Gy/60 fractions/6 weeks. One patient who had been treated with steroid therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus was treated by 67.8 Gy/44 fractions/4.4 weeks.

Results

The local control and overall survival probabilities at 5 years for supraglottic carcinomas were 75% and 86%, respectively. Those for glottic carcinomas were 80% and 92%, respectively. The 5-year local control probabilities for T2 and T3 tumors were 85% and 56%, respectively. This excellent local control rate especially for T2 laryngeal carcinomas may be attributable to the effect of accelerated hyperfractionation. No late toxicities of grade 2 or more was noted among the 39 patients treated with 72.8 Gy/56 fractions or 72 Gy/60 fractions.

Conclusion

Accelerated hyperfractionation of 72.8 Gy/56 fractions/5.6 weeks using 1.3 Gy/fraction seems a safe and effective dose-fractionation for patients with moderately advanced laryngeal carcinomas.

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