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Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 40  |  Issue: 8  |  Page No.: 768 - 773

Sorafenib for Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation

D. H Yoon, B. Y Ryoo, M. H Ryu, S. G Lee, S Hwang, D. J Suh, H. C Lee, T. W Kim, C. S Ahn, K. H Kim, D. B Moon and Y. K. Kang    

Abstract: Objective

Sorafenib is the only drug that has shown a survival benefit in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in randomized Phase 3 trials. The efficacy and safety of sorafenib in the treatment of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation, however, has not been determined.


We retrospectively analyzed 13 patients who were treated with sorafenib for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation.


The median time to recurrence from liver transplantation was 12.3 months (95% confidence interval: 8.5–16.1 months). Six of 10 evaluable patients showed stable disease, which was the best response and the median duration of stabilization was 3.9 months (95% confidence interval: 1.6–6.2 months). At a median follow-up duration of 3.7 months (range: 0.3–10.9 months) in surviving patients, the median time to progression and the median overall survival from commencement of sorafenib were 2.9 months (95% confidence interval: 0.0–6.8 months) and 5.4 months (95% confidence interval: 3.7–7.0 months), respectively. Grade 3 neutropenia was observed in one patient, which was the only high-grade hematologic toxicity observed. Grade 3 hand-foot skin reactions were observed in three patients. Adverse events could be managed with dose adjustment.


These findings suggest that sorafenib may be a feasible treatment option regarding its efficacy and safety for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation.

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