Clinical and Economic Evaluation of First-line Therapy with FOLFIRI or Modified FOLFOX6 for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
K. i Fujita,
Recently, significant progress in treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer has been achieved. Either FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin and irinotecan) or modified FOLFOX6 (fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin, oxaliplatin dose 85 mg/m2) is selected as first-line therapy in clinical practice in Japan. However, economic burden of colorectal cancer is considerable.
Analysis was made for all patients who were treated with FOLFIRI or modified FOLFOX6 for metastatic colorectal cancer. Regimen of FOLFIRI was compared with modified FOLFOX6 under consideration from clinical and economic standpoints. Progression free survival, response, toxicity and cancer care cost in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer was analyzed. Direct costs based on the fee schedule of the Japanese national health insurance were calculated.
Median progression free survival was 7.7 months for FOLFIRI versus 8.4 months for modified FOLFOX6 (P = 0.48). Overall cost for first four cycles was ¥756 284 for FOLFIRI and ¥1 081 162 for modified FOLFOX6 (P < 0.0001). All grade alopecia was significantly more frequent with FOLFIRI than with modified FOLFOX6 (P = 0.04). All grade neuropathy was more observed with modified FOLFOX6 than FOLFIRI (P = 0.0002).
FOLFIRI is inexpensive in the initial stage of treatment which a number of patients can receive chemotherapy than modified FOLFOX6 as first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer in Japanese national insurance system.