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Journal of Food Technology
Year: 2005  |  Volume: 3  |  Issue: 4  |  Page No.: 511 - 515

Proximate Composition, Antinitritional Factors and Mineral Content and Availability of Selected Legumes and Cereals Grown in Sudan

Samia M. A/Rahaman, Hagir B. ElMaki, I. Wisal Hassan, Elfadil E. Babiker and Abdullahi H. El Tinay    

Abstract: The proximate composition, antinutritional factors and mineral content and availability of various cereals and legumes cultivars were studied. Legumes include faba bean and white bean while cereals includes millet and sorghum. Results showed that, on average, apart from protein and carbohydrate, the proximate composition of all legumes and cereals were slightly differed. The protein content of faba bean cultivars was significantly higher (p # 0.05) than those of white bean and cereals. Sorghum cultivars had significantly higher values of carbohydrate (p # 0.05) than millet and legumes cultivars. Antinutritional factors varied between cultivars and even within cereals and legumes. Phytate content varied from 233 to 991.11 mg/100g and phytate/phosphorus percent varied from 82 to 225% while polyphenols varied from 198.43 to 676.21 mg/100g. Minerals content and availability differed between the cultivars. Ca content and availability were higher in legumes compared to cereals while phosphorus content and availability were higher in cereals. White bean and millet had higher Fe content compared to other cultivars with higher availability recorded in millet. Among trace minerals, Co had a higher availability (87%) in millet cultivars compared to other ones.

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